Just 400,000 square meters in size, the history Mozia is very ancient: as a shipping centre and staging post, and due to its presence near the coast of important trade city, it was one of the most important Phoenician and Carthaginian settlements in the Mediterranean Sea area. The Phoenicians transformed the inhospitable island, which they called ”Motya”, into one of the most affluent cities of its time, naturally defended by the lagoon as well as high defensive walls. Ancient windmills and salt pans were used for evaporation, salt grinding and refinement, and to maintain the condition of the lagoon and island itself. Recently the mills and salt pans (called the ”Ettore Infersa”) have been restored by the owners and opened to the public.
In the 6th century BC, due to the struggles between ancient Greece and Carthage over Sicily, Motia sided with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians against the Greeks. The ancient settlement at Motia, founded in the 8th century BC, was destroyed by the Syracuse tyrant Dionysius the Elder in 379 BC.
During the Middle Ages, Basilican monks settled on the island and renamed it San Pantaleo, and in 1888 was rediscovered by Joseph Whitaker (ornithologist).
Today, the island of Mozia is owned and operated by the Whitaker Foundation (Palermo), famous for Marsala wines.
The Whitaker Museum contains a virtual plethora of artifacts gathered from the island……..
The grounds were not only beautiful, they were cluttered with magnificent artifacts…….
After an amazing day exploring the island it was time to catch the last boat back to Sicily…..
…..and then off to Fior di Sale (Flower of Salt) for a marvelous dinner…..at sunset….
The chef awaits us with some wonderful artistic delights……..
another evening of culinary delights………..
……and the final moments of this marvelous day……….
- The Ruins of Selinunte – Sicily (talesandtravelsofthetinman.wordpress.com)